Flora and Fauna of Manu National Park

Exploring the Rich Flora and Fauna of Manu National Park

Embark on this unique experience and discover the diverse flora and fauna of Manu National Park, considered one of the last lungs of the world and one of the most biodiverse places on Earth. From the elusive jaguars to the incredible orchids, get to know the incredible species that this place has to offer.

Nestled in the heart of the Peruvian Amazon, Manu National Park is a true paradise for nature lovers. With more than 1.7 million hectares, it is one of the largest protected areas in South America and the world and is home to a great variety of flora and fauna. With more than 20,000 plant species and 1,000 bird species, Manu National Park is considered one of the most biodiverse places on Earth. In this article, we will take a closer look at the flora and fauna of Manu National Park and learn about some of the incredible species that can be found here, and to this day there are still many flora and fauna being discovered.

Flora of Manu National Park:

The park has a great variety of altitudes, climates, soils, and vegetation, which translates into an estimated 2,000 to 5,000 species. However, the flora has not yet been fully studied and existing inventories are preliminary. According to research by the CREES Foundation, up to 15,000 species were found in the Biosphere Reserve in 2005. Although 1437 vascular plant species have been identified near the Cocha Cashu lowland rainforest research station. Most of the information collected relates to the lowlands, as fewer data is available for the montane cloud forests and puna. According to the 1986 UNA-LaMolina-CEPID management plan, there are 14 forest types, although this is speculative due to the scarcity of precipitation data. The montane forests are cooler and experience less variation in water supply, while the tropical rainforests extend over much of the park, growing both in the alluvial plain and on the interfluvial hills that may suffer seasonal water losses.

Manu National Park is home to an incredible diversity of flora, from towering treetops to delicate orchids. Some of the most outstanding species of flora in the Park are:

Bromeliads: These beautiful plants are found throughout the park and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They usually grow on trees or rocks and are known for their colorful foliage. Definitely, this place is for lovers of the rich flora of this incredible place.

Giant bamboo, Manu National Park has some of the largest species in the world, some of which reach heights of more than 30 meters and our task is to take care of them for future generations.

Orchids: With more than 1,200 species of orchids with studies until 2023, Manu National Park is a true paradise for orchid lovers. These delicate flowers present a great variety of shapes and colors and can be found throughout the park.

Ceiba trees: These imposing trees are common in Manu National Park and are known for their characteristic buttress roots, with sizes exceeding 30 meters.

heliconia flower Heliconias are monocotyledonous plants, with a rhizomatous growth that emits shoots or offshoots. The rhizome is a specialized stem structure, in which the main axis of the plant grows horizontally, just below the soil surface.

Hevea Brasiliense, also known as rubber tree is a plant belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family. The Hevea brasiliense is characterized as being the main material for the creation of rubber or tires and it is common to find it in places of the tropics, currently, its cultivation occurs in Hawaii and part of the Manu National Park.

Brazil nut trees, these towering trees that grow up to 50 meters and are 2 meters wide. As one of the largest trees in the Amazon, Brazil nuts are fantastic trees to find in the rainforest.

The passion fruit flower is a vigorous vine that can cling to almost anything and grow 15 to 20 feet a year or so. This plant performs well in tropical climates and relatively prefers the sun, however, passion fruit flower does not like intense heat, which is why it tends to grow and move to the shady side.

They climb up the trees of the forest in order to reach the most illuminated areas where they develop and reproduce. They are not parasitic, they are rooted in the ground and produce their own food, basically depending on themselves.

The matapalo was very useful in medicine, specifically in light or serious cuts, cuts or cuts; the bark of the matapalo was cut, this was crushed very well, then it was cooked, a cloth was placed on the affected part and then it was drunk until the wound was healed. It grows between 10 to 15 meters high.

Ceiba tree This beautiful tree can grow up to 70 meters high and reach a diameter of three meters. Its generous crown grows to form several “floors” of branches and leaves, and its flowers of fleshy petals give off a peculiar perfume and is something common to see in the Manu National Park.

Mushrooms or zetas are very important because they function as decomposers of bacteria and at the same time are predators of living trees and even insects.

Rose lapacho , is also considered a large and very beautiful tree, its trunk is straight with irregular dark brown bark, and has equally irregular foliage, and its leaves are velvety and contain five parts called leaflets. and are common to see in the Amazon rainforest there are occasions that are often some birds of this place.

Fauna of Manu National Park:

The park is home to thousands of plant and animal species, including several endemic and endangered species.

Mammals of Manu National Park

Manu National Park has more than 200 species of mammals, making it one of the most biodiverse places on the planet. Here we show you some of the most important mammals in the park.


Jaguars are imposing felines considered the largest in the Americas and are characterized by their impressive agility and strength. This is a privileged place for wildlife lovers.

Giant Otters

The giant otter is considered the largest of its kind in the world and is known for its playfulness. In this park, you can observe otters swimming in the rivers and lakes.

Spectacled Bears

Spectacled bears are the only bear species native to South America and are known for their characteristic facial markings. Manu National Park is home to a healthy population of spectacled bears, which can be seen foraging in the park’s forests and sometimes in particularly relaxed trees.

Other Mammals

Manu National Park is also home to a great variety of mammals, such as tapirs, peccaries, monkeys, deer, and many more.

Birds of Manu National Park

This place is a paradise for birdwatchers with more than 1,000 species of birds, here are some of the most emblematic species.


Macaws are characterized by their beautiful colorful plumage and are frequently seen in the forests of Manu National Park. The park is home to several species of macaws, including the blue and yellow macaw, which is unfortunately classified as endangered.


Toucans, the most emblematic birds for their characteristic beak, are the emblem of the Manu National Park and are home to a large number of them, among them is the chestnut-eared toucan.


Hummingbirds are known for their iridescent feathers and rapid wing flapping. Manu National Park is home to several species of hummingbirds, including the giant hummingbird, which is the largest in the world.

cock of the rock

the cock of the rock is the national bird of Peru and is characterized by beautiful plumage especially of the males with orange and black colors and the females have a discreetly dark color.

Other Birds

Manu National Park is also home to a diverse range of other bird species, including eagles, owls, parrots, and woodpeckers.

Reptiles and Amphibians of Manu National Park

Manu National Park is home to more than 200 species of reptiles and amphibians, many of which are endemic to the park. Some of the most emblematic species of the park are:


Anacondas are the largest snakes in the world and are found in the rivers and wetlands of the park, and is home to the green anaconda that can grow to more than 10 meters.

Poison Dart Frogs

Poison frogs are brightly colored amphibians known for their toxic skin secretions. Manu National Park is home to several species of poison dart frogs, including the emblematic blue poison frog, and scholars usually investigate at night and are still discovering more frogs to this day.


Caimans are small crocodilian reptiles found in the park’s rivers and wetlands. Manu National Park is home to several species of caimans, such as the spectacled caiman and the black caiman. On the tours you can catch small caimans and also get some pictures, these tours are usually nohe as the caimans come out more frequently at night.

Other Reptiles and Amphibians

Here you can also find other species of reptiles and amphibians such as lizards, turtles and salamanders.

Insects and Arachnids of Manu National Park

Manu National Park has a great variety of insects and arachnids, many of which have not yet been discovered by science.

Here we show you the most emblematic species


It is a paradise for butterfly lovers with more than 1300 species of butterflies, here we will mention the most emblematic species.


Tarantulas are large, hairy spiders found in the park’s forests, the best known of which are the pink-toed tarantula and the Brazilian black tarantula.

you can also observe some beetles, ants and scorpions.


Manu National Park is the great biodiversity hotspot that is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. From jaguars and giant otters to macaws and butterflies, the park is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. Conservation efforts ensure the preservation of this unique ecosystem for future generations to enjoy. If you are a nature lover you should definitely be here!